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Ocean Salmon Fishery Closures Proposed to Protect Klamath River Fish

The West Coast is on track for a meager and potentially disastrous salmon season, with severe cutbacks proposed for fisheries from the central Oregon coast down into northern California.

March 13, 2017

The West Coast is on track for a meager and potentially disastrous salmon season.

On Monday, the Pacific Fishery Management Council adopted a bleak set of options for this year’s ocean salmon fishing seasons.

To protect a record-low run of Klamath River salmon, managers are proposing total closures and severe cutbacks for fisheries off the coasts of central and southern Oregon and northern California.

The council won’t set the seasons until next month, at a meeting in Sacramento, California. But Butch Smith, who chairs an advisory panel that helps the council set salmon seasons, said it’s the worst outlook for fisheries that depend on the Klamath since 2008, when the entire West Coast declared a fishing disaster.

While there are minimal fishing seasons proposed for Washington and the north coast of Oregon, Smith said, this year may end up being considered a coast-wide fishing failure. That designation allows the states to tap federal economic disaster relief funds.

“It certainly could qualify for a disaster declaration,” Smith said. “At best you’re talking fisheries a quarter of what they normally are. So, there will be a lot of coastal communities hurting this year from the loss of salmon.”

Fish advocates blame a lack of water releases from dams for the low returns of Klamath River salmon. Last month, a judge ordered the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation to increase water flows in the hopes of flushing out a salmon-killing parasite

The salmon runs returning to other Oregon streams and the Columbia River look healthier than the Klamath, according to state reports. And Washington is expecting average to good returns for Puget Sound salmon and other coastal rivers.

But West Coast salmon runs overall have been hit hard in recent years by El Nino conditions in the Pacific that reduce their food sources and drought conditions in their native rivers.

The council will take public comment on the proposed season options at three meetings March 27-28 in Westport, Washington, Coos Bay, Oregon, and Fort Bragg, California.


Hatchery workers use nets to guide young salmon out of the Spring Creek Fish Hatchery on the Columbia River in Underwood, Washington, on April 13, 2012.